grizzly sow and cub

A grizzly sow keeps a watchful eye on activity around her cub in this 2015 file photo. Cattle were killed along the Rocky Mountain Front earlier this week by a grizzly.

Jim Peaco National Park Service

A ranch about five miles west of Dupuyer on the Rocky Mountain Front lost 10 calves earlier this week to grizzly bears.

The cattle were located in a creek bottom with thick willow cover. Specialists from USDA Wildlife Services, working in coordination with Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks’ bear specialist, confirmed a grizzly was the cause of the depredation and at least 12 grizzly bears were in the area, including sows with cubs, FWP said in a news release.

“This depredation near Dupuyer presents a unique challenge for the landowner and bear specialists alike because the high density of bears could result in more depredations,” FWP said. “Additionally, there is uncertainty as to which bear, or bears, killed the cattle, and it is an extremely difficult and dangerous circumstance for specialists to try and capture individual bears.”

The cattle that were in the creek bottom have been moved to a different pasture to allow for better protection. The livestock owner will be eligible for compensation from the livestock loss fund.

While options are limited in this particular circumstance, FWP and Wildlife Services can often identify and provide assistance to proactively protect livestock and to help reduce other kinds of bear conflict, FWP said.

In general, bears are very active this time of year across Montana as they try to put on weight prior to hibernation. This can put bears in conflict with people and livestock.

This week, up and down the Rocky Mountain Front and areas east where creek bottoms provide the bears easy travel corridors to the prairie, bears are making their presence known. FWP bear specialists have responded to citizen complaints of bears eating apples around Choteau, Valier and residences east of Highway 287.

Wildlife Services and FWP specialists have responded to bears killing livestock in several locations around central and southwest Montana this summer, including Madison, Carbon, Teton, Glacier, Pondera and Lewis & Clark counties.

“Given the number of bears and their increased level of activity, it’s really important that people and communities in bear country secure their attractants,” said Gary Bertellotti, FWP’s Region 4 supervisor. “Securing attractants means putting away bird feeders, keeping pet food inside and making sure you don’t have fruit on the ground under your trees. If people are observing bears or having problems, please let us know right away.”

In Montana, bear country can be anywhere in the western half of the state and beyond, the news release says. This year grizzly bears have shown up in places they haven’t been for decades, maybe even more than a century – Highwood and Big Belt Mountains for instance.

This is also the time of year when bears move off seasonal sources of food, like berries and chokecherries. Livestock in and around these sources of food become more susceptible to depredation as bears look to put on weight for the winter, the agency cautioned.

“Additionally, archery and bird hunters who are hunting in these areas need to understand they could be in close proximity to bears even if they’re miles away from the Rocky Mountain Front,” according to FWP. “This is a critical time of year to be bear aware – don’t hunt alone, carry bear spray and be ready to use it and, if possible, make plenty of noise in areas where visibility is limited, even in areas where you wouldn’t expect bears.”

Grizzly bears are currently listed on the Endangered Species List in the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem, which includes the Rocky Mountain Front and points further east. The delisting process for the population is just getting underway.

With the federal protections in place, FWP coordinates all bear management activities with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Grizzly bear conflicts can be reported to FWP. Livestock depredations are investigated by both FWP and USDA Wildlife Services. If producers have a depredation, they may contact either agency.

To contact FWP call 454-5840. To contact USDA Wildlife Services call 657-6464.