DENVER — Colorado on Friday joined a compact of states that have pledged to pool their presidential electoral votes for the winner of the national popular vote.

Democratic Gov. Jared Polis signed into law a bill under which Colorado joins 11 other states and the District of Columbia in what's called the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact.

The pact would take effect after states with a collective 270 electoral votes — the number needed to win the presidency — agree to join. With Colorado's nine electoral votes, compact members have 181.

Currently, the state's electoral votes are cast for whoever wins the popular vote in Colorado.

Similar legislation is pending in New Mexico, with five electors, and Delaware, with three.

Opponents say the initiative subverts an electoral college that ensures that smaller states aren't trampled when it comes to choosing a president.

Other compact members are Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington.

The National Popular Vote campaign was launched after Democrat Al Gore won the popular vote but lost the 2000 election to Republican George W. Bush when electoral votes were tallied.

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