HELENA — The Capitol rotunda played host to a raucous crowd of public land advocates Monday, many traveling from across the state to denounce land transfer efforts while calling for improving access.

Organizers estimated more than 1,000 people packed the main rotunda floor and lined the balconies above, which was about double the attendance of a similar rally held during the 2015 legislative session. Many rally-goers loaded buses in Missoula, Billings and Bozeman to attend, while smaller contingencies came from other locales, including about 40 from Sanders County.

They came to tell the Legislature in no uncertain terms that public lands are not just parcels on a map but define Montana as a state, and Montanans as a people.

“This heist is an assault on my lifeblood, not just my livelihood,” fly-fishing guide and Trout TV host Hilary Hutcheson told the crowd.

Hutcheson described her childhood near Glacier National Park, the chance for young eyes to experience outdoor adventure, and the hope of passing that legacy on to her daughters.

Mountaineer Conrad Anker noted the many people using public lands and paraphrased Duwamish Chief Seattle, who famously said land is not inherited from ancestors but borrowed from future generations.

Public Lands Rally

Conrad Anker howls at the crowd Monday afternoon during a public lands rally in the Capitol Rotunda.

Opponents of transferring federal lands to state ownership contend that states such as Montana would be unduly burdened by owning millions of additional acres, citing firefighting and other management costs. They say hamstrung states would be forced to sell off the lands, putting public lands in private ownership.

Losing those lands would mean a loss for many Montana businesses, said K.C. Walsh, CEO of Simms fishing company.

“I always remind people how important Montana and Bozeman are to the success that Simms has had and how this really takes form in attracting great people who enjoy Montana’s outdoor value and everything our state has to offer,” he said.

Small transfers and sales of federal and state lands have long occurred for a variety of reasons. Principle opposition centers on transfers on much larger scales that would potentially take tens of millions of acres out of federal ownership.

Supporters of federal land transfer have argued that national policies result in closed roads while stifling timber and mineral industries. They say that under state control, the lands would be better managed and become an economic catalyst for rural communities.

Senate Majority Leader Fred Thomas, R-Stevensville, responded following Monday’s rally, saying the Legislature values public input but that federal lands have been mismanaged. He put responsibility at the feet of rally organizers, saying that litigation and other efforts to maintain federal ownership stifle timber production and continue failed policies.

Thomas contended that better management under state ownership would produce revenue while benefiting wildlife. He called the notion of a state sell-off of transferred lands “silly at best” and added “the state isn’t in the business of selling lands.”

“They have their opinion and I respect their opinion, but there is no merit to their position,” he said. “If the state were to own these lands, they’d be better managed, so their position is completely fake.”

Protest in downtown Billings

About 30 people gather Monday on the corner of 32nd Street and Third Avenue North to protest selling public lands.

Also on Monday, about 30 people gathered in front of Congressman Ryan Zinke’s office in Billings in protest.

“We were the ones who felt like we’d like to be in Helena but we just couldn’t get away on a Monday,” said David Strong, philosophy and environmental studies professor at Rocky Mountain College.

Professor David Strong

Professor at Rocky Mountain College David Strong speaks Monday during a protest against selling public lands in front of Granite Tower. According to Strong, 3.3 million acres of public land is threatened to be sold, transferred or given away.

Strong said the protest was necessary after a bill was introduced in the United State House of Representatives by Rep. Jason Chaffetz, R-Utah, that would transfer ownership of 3.3 million acres of federal land in several states including Montana. Two joint resolutions were also introduced in the Montana legislature recently by state Sen. Jennifer Fielder, R-Thompson Falls, to study and request the transfer of federal lands to state ownership, although both bills remain on hold.

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Such transfers would endanger public lands, Strong said. Wildland firefighting and other maintenance could prove too costly for state governments and force privatization. The issue brought out a diverse group of students, outdoor enthusiasts and members of organizations on both sides of the political spectrum.

“Public land in Montana is a popular thing. It crosses a lot of lines,” he said.

Public Lands Rally

Over a thousand demonstrators packed into the Capitol Rotunda on Monday afternoon for a public lands rally.

Monday’s Helena rally took on a personal tone at times, directed at one of the leading land transfer advocates in Montana and the West. Sen. Fielder has been an outspoken transfer proponent. Fielder is also CEO of American Lands Council, the chief organization pushing for large-scale transfers across the West.

Referring to Fielder’s district, Prickly Pear Land Trust Executive Director Mary Hollow said to cheers, “Let’s let them hear us down every hall in this building and all the way to Sanders County.”

The Sanders County contingency held up signs both directed at their senator and in support of maintaining federal land ownership. Trout Creek residents Daisy Carlsmith and Barb Tully made the five-hour journey by bus, standing at the top of the steps holding signs saying “Sanders County Supports Public Lands.”

“For me, it’s making sure that public lands are there for my grandchildren,” Tully said, adding that breathing clean air and access to mountain lakes are also major inspirations.

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Carlsmith noted that transfer opponents are in the minority in their area — Fielder won re-election with 67 percent of the vote — but she wanted her values to be heard.

“We’re way outnumbered, but we had to come no matter who our representatives are, come and stand and say ‘no,’” she said.

A message left for Fielder was not returned in time for this story.

Also drawing ire from the crowd were recent actions on the federal level.

Utah U.S. Rep. Jason Chaffetz introduced legislation instructing the Department of the Interior to sell 3.3 million federal acres in several western states, including 100,000 in Montana.

A rule change in the U.S. House of Representatives making land transfers easier by considering transfers budget-neutral also drew a strong response from conservation groups, many of them critical of Interior secretary nominee U.S. Rep. Ryan Zinke, R-Mont., for voting for the rules package.

Zinke has maintained his opposition to federal land transfer despite the vote.

Walsh mentioned Zinke’s nomination and support from several conservation and outdoor business groups, drawing a smattering of jeers from the crowd, until Walsh said, “If confirmed, we all need to hold him accountable for his public statements,” which was met with resounding cheers.

U.S. Sen. Jon Tester, D-Mont., phoned in to encourage rally-goers to make their voices heard, and he promised to oppose Chaffetz and other efforts to sell or transfer federal lands.

Gov. Steve Bullock took to the podium, citing public lands as an equalizer where anyone can go to recreate. Public lands are also a major draw for tourism and 64,000 Montana jobs.

“It’s time that we recognize access to our public lands should be promoted, not threatened,” he said. “It’s time we send a message to that floor of the building,” gesturing to the House and Senate chambers, “that proposals to transfer our public lands or study the transfer of public lands have no place in this building and no place in Montana.

“Look, this ain’t about politics. Whether you're Democrat, Republican, Libertarian or vegetarian, these lands belong to you.”

Gazette reporter Jordon Niedermeier contributed to this report.