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Associated Press

Today is Friday, May 3, the 123rd day of 2002. There are 242 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

Two hundred years ago, on May 3, 1802, Washington, D.C., was incorporated as a city.

On this date:

In 1916, Irish nationalist Padraic Pearse and two others were executed by the British for their roles in the Easter Rising.

In 1921, West Virginia imposed the first state sales tax.

In 1937, Margaret Mitchell won a Pulitzer Prize for her novel, "Gone With the Wind."

In 1944, U.S. wartime rationing of most grades of meats ended.

In 1945, Indian forces captured Rangoon, Burma, from the Japanese.

In 1948, the Supreme Court ruled that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks or members of other racial groups were legally unenforceable.

In 1971, anti-war protesters began four days of demonstrations in Washington, D.C., aimed at shutting down the nation's capital.

In 1978, "Sun Day" fell on a Wednesday as thousands of people extolling the virtues of solar energy held events across the country.

In 1979, Conservative Party leader Margaret Thatcher was chosen to become Britain's first female prime minister as the Tories ousted the incumbent Labor government in parliamentary elections.

In 1986, in NASA's first post-Challenger launch, an unmanned Delta rocket lost power in its main engine shortly after liftoff, forcing safety officers to destroy it by remote control.

Ten years ago: In Los Angeles, soldiers continued to patrol streets and guard fire-gutted and ransacked stores in the wake of rioting that erupted following the Rodney King-taped beating acquittals. Hollywood song-and-dance man-turned-politician George Murphy died at age 89.

Five years ago: A group of Texas separatists ended a weeklong standoff with authorities; however, two armed followers fled into the woods (one was killed, the other eventually captured). World chess champion Garry Kasparov won the first game of his much-anticipated rematch with IBM's Deep Blue computer. (However, Kasparov ended up losing the six-game match.) "Silver Charm" won the 123rd Kentucky Derby.

One year ago: The United States lost its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947. An estimated 36.4 million people tuned in to watch Tennessee nurse Tina Wesson win "Survivor: The Australian Outback" on CBS.

Today's Birthdays: Broadway librettist Betty Comden is 83. Folk singer Pete Seeger is 83. Country singer Dave Dudley is 74. Singer James Brown is 69. Singer Engelbert Humperdinck is 66. Sports announcer Greg Gumbel is 56. Singer Christopher Cross is 51. Country musician Cactus Moser (Highway 101) is 45. Country singer Shane Minor is 34. Actor Dule Hill ("The West Wing") is 27. Actress Jill Berard is 12.

Thought for Today: "Outside the kingdom of the Lord there is no nation which is greater than any other." - Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia (1891-1975).

Copyright 2002 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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