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Today in History

Today in History

Associated Press

Today is Sunday, Oct. 3, the 277th day of 2004. There are 89 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Oct. 3, 1863, President Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day.

On this date:

In 1226, St. Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscan order, died; he was canonized in 1228.

In 1929, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In 1941, Adolf Hitler declared in a speech in Berlin that Russia had been "broken" and would "never rise again."

In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Office of Economic Stabilization.

In 1944, during World War II, U.S. troops cracked the Siegfried Line north of Aachen, Germany.

In 1951, the New York Giants captured the National League pennant in game three by a score of 5 to 4 as third baseman Bobby Thomson hit a three-run homer off the Brooklyn Dodgers' Ralph Branca in the "shot heard 'round the world."

In 1952, the situation comedy "Our Miss Brooks," formerly a radio show, premiered on CBS-TV with Eve Arden again in the title role.

In 1962, astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma 7 on a nine-hour flight.

In 1981, Irish nationalists at the Maze Prison near Belfast, Northern Ireland, ended seven months of hunger strikes that had claimed 10 lives.

In 1990, West Germany and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the creation of a new unified country.

Ten years ago: U.S. soldiers in Haiti raided the headquarters of a hated pro-army militia. Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy announced his resignation because of questions about gifts he'd received. South African President Nelson Mandela addressed the United Nations, urging the world to support his country's economy.

Five years ago: Sony co-founder Akio Morita, the entrepreneur, engineer and savvy salesman who helped give new meaning to the words "Made in Japan," died in Tokyo at age 78.

One year ago: A tiger attacked magician Roy Horn of duo "Siegfried & Roy" during a performance in Las Vegas, leaving the superstar illusionist in critical condition on his 59th birthday. Illustrator and children's book author William Steig died in Boston at age 95.

Today's Birthdays: Author Gore Vidal is 79. Singer Alan O'Day is 64. Rock and roll star Chubby Checker is 63. Actor Alan Rachins is 62. Sen. Jeff Bingaman, D-N.M., is 61. Magician Roy Horn is 60. Singer Lindsey Buckingham is 55. Jazz musician Ronnie Laws is 54. Blues singer Keb' Mo' is 53. Baseball Hall-of-Famer Dave Winfield is 53. Actor Hart Bochner is 48. Actor Peter Frechette is 48. Actor Jack Wagner is 45. Rock musician Tommy Lee is 42. Actor Clive Owen is 40. Actress Janel Moloney is 35. Singer Gwen Stefani (No Doubt) is 35. Pop singer Kevin Richardson (Backstreet Boys) is 33. Actress Keiko Agena is 31. Actress Neve Campbell is 31. Singer India.Arie is 29. Actress Alanna Ubach is 29. Actor Seann William Scott is 28. Actress Shannyn Sossamon is 26. Actor Erik Von Detten is 22. Actress Ashlee Simpson is 20.

Thought for Today: "The worst disease in the world is the plague of vengeance." - Dr. Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (1893-1990).

Copyright © 2004 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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