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Today is Monday, May 19, the 139th day of 2003. There are 226 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On May 19, 1935, T.E. Lawrence, also known as Lawrence of Arabia, died in England from injuries sustained in a motorcycle crash.

On this date:

In 1643, delegates from four New England colonies met in Boston to form a confederation.

In 1906, the Federated Boys' Clubs, forerunner of the Boys' Clubs of America, were organized.

In 1921, Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act, which established national quotas for immigrants.

In 1943, in an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged his country's full support in the war against Japan.

In 1958, the United States and Canada formally established the North American Air Defense Command.

In 1962, during a Democratic fund-raiser at New York's Madison Square Garden, actress Marilyn Monroe performed a sultry rendition of "Happy Birthday to You" for the guest of honor, President Kennedy.

In 1964, the State Department disclosed that 40 hidden microphones had been found in the U.S. embassy in Moscow.

In 1967, the Soviet Union ratified a treaty with the United States and Britain banning nuclear weapons from outer space.

In 1992, the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, which prohibits Congress from giving itself midterm pay raises, went into effect.

In 1994, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis died in New York at age 64.

Ten years ago: The White House set off a political storm by abruptly firing the entire staff of its travel office; five of the seven staffers were later reinstated and assigned to other duties.

Five years ago: Millions of pagers nationwide stopped working when a communications satellite, the Galaxy 4, suddenly lost track of Earth. Bandits stole three of Rome's most important paintings, two by van Gogh and one by Cezanne, from the National Gallery of Modern Art. The paintings were recovered two months later by police.

One year ago: Boston Cardinal Bernard Law said in a letter distributed to parishes that he did not become aware until 1993 of sexual abuse allegations against the Rev. Paul Shanley. Walter Lord, author of "A Night To Remember," a minute-by-minute retelling of the "Titanic" tragedy, died in New York at age 84.

Today's Birthdays: PBS newscaster Jim Lehrer is 69. TV personality David Hartman is 68. Actor James Fox is 64. Actress Nancy Kwan is 64. Author-director Nora Ephron is 62. Rock singer-composer Pete Townshend (The Who) is 58. Concert pianist David Helfgott is 56. Rock singer-musician Dusty Hill (ZZ Top) is 54. Singer-actress Grace Jones is 51. Rock musician Phil Rudd (AC-DC) is 49. Baseball catcher Rick Cerone is 49. Actor Steven Ford is 47. Rock musician Iain Harvie (Del Amitri) is 41. Rock singer Jenny Berggren (Ace of Base) is 31. Actor Eric Lloyd is 17.

Thought for Today: "History repeats itself because nobody listens." - Anonymous.

Copyright © 2003 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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