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Today is Sunday, June 1, the 152nd day of 2003. There are 213 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On June 1, 1813, the commander of the U.S. frigate Chesapeake, Captain James Lawrence, said, "Don't give up the ship" during a losing battle with a British frigate.

On this date:

In 1792, Kentucky became the 15th state of the union.

In 1796, Tennessee became the 16th state.

In 1801, Mormon leader Brigham Young was born in Whitingham, Vt.

In 1868, James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, died near Lancaster, Pa.

In 1926, actress Marilyn Monroe was born in Los Angeles.

In 1943, a civilian flight from Lisbon to London was shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.

In 1958, Charles de Gaulle became premier of France.

In 1967, the Beatles released their album, "Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band."

In 1977, the Soviet Union formally charged Jewish human rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason. Shcharansky was imprisoned, then released in 1986.

In 1980, Cable News Network made its debut.

Ten years ago: A mortar attack on a holiday soccer game in a suburb of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killed at least 15 people and wounded more than 80. The Supreme Court ruled that a criminal conviction must be overturned if the jury was given a constitutionally flawed definition of "beyond reasonable doubt."

Five years ago: President Clinton abruptly abandoned his claim of executive privilege in the Monica Lewinsky investigation, reducing the prospect of a quick Supreme Court review of a dispute over the testimony of presidential aides. Thousands of refugees from Serbia's Kosovo province streamed into neighboring Albania to escape deadly fighting.

One year ago: President Bush told West Point graduates the United States would strike pre-emptively against suspected terrorists if necessary to deter attacks on Americans, saying "the war on terror will not be won on the defensive."

Today's Birthdays: Actor Richard Erdman is 78. Actor Andy Griffith is 77. Actor Edward Woodward is 73. Actor Pat Corley is 73. Singer Pat Boone is 69. Actor-writer-director Peter Masterson is 69. Actor Morgan Freeman is 66. Actor Rene Auberjonois is 63. Opera singer Frederica von Stade is 58. Actor Brian Cox is 57. Rock musician Ron Wood is 56. Actor Jonathan Pryce is 56. Actor Powers Boothe is 54. Actress Gemma Craven is 53. Singer Graham Russell (Air Supply) is 53. Country singer Ronnie Dunn (Brooks and Dunn) is 50. Actress Lisa Hartman Black is 47. Singer-musician Alan Wilder is 44. Rock musician Simon Gallup (The Cure) is 43. Country musician Richard Comeaux (River Road) is 42. Actor-singer Jason Donovan is 35. Singer Alanis Morissette is 29.

Thought for Today: "Peace without justice is tyranny." - William Allen White, American writer and newspaper editor (1868-1944).

Copyright © 2003 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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